Thyroid Problems

Jon Van Der Veer, DO -  - Internal Medicine

Exemplar Care

Jon Van Der Veer, DO

Internal Medicine located in West Des Moines, IA

Thyroid problems affect as many as 20 million people in the United States. If you need a diagnosis for thyroid-related symptoms or a care plan to manage your condition, you can rely on the comprehensive care that board-certified internal medicine specialist Jon Van Der Veer, DO, offers at Exemplar Care in Des Moines, Iowa. Dr. Van Der Veer provides onsite diagnostic blood work to get to the root of your symptoms. He also customizes treatments to ease your symptoms and enhance your quality of life. Schedule your consultation for thyroid problems online or by calling Exemplar Care today.

Thyroid Problems Q & A

What are common thyroid problems?

Your thyroid gland resides at the base of your neck. This small, butterfly-shaped gland is responsible for producing hormones that regulate your body’s activities and functions, such as your heart rate, metabolism, and temperature.

When your thyroid isn’t producing hormones as it should, you can experience a wide range of symptoms that interfere with your physical and mental health. Some of the most common thyroid problems Dr. Van Der Veer diagnoses and treats include:


Hypothyroidism is a condition that develops due to an underactive thyroid gland. Your thyroid isn’t producing enough hormones, which can cause issues like chronic fatigue, weight gain, slow heart rate, and memory problems.


Hyperthyroidism occurs when your thyroid is overactive and produces too many hormones. This can cause symptoms like a racing heartbeat, increased sweating, and muscle weakness.

Graves’ disease

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes your body to mistakenly attack your thyroid gland, which causes it to produce too many hormones that control your metabolism.

Hashimoto’s disease

Hashimoto’s disease is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. It causes your body to attack and destroy the thyroid’s ability to produce necessary hormones.

How are thyroid problems diagnosed?

If you have symptoms of a thyroid problem, Dr. Van Der Veer physically examines your body to identify other potential causes. Through blood tests, he evaluates the levels of different hormones that can indicate dysfunction in your thyroid.

You may also need an ultrasound, a noninvasive imaging test that allows Dr. Van Der Veer to evaluate the structure of your thyroid gland.

Even if you have no symptoms but have a family history of a thyroid disorder, Dr. Van Der Veer may recommend routine blood work to monitor your hormone levels.

How are thyroid problems treated?

In many cases, treating a thyroid condition requires medications that regulate hormone production by your thyroid gland. For hypothyroidism, you may need to start hormone replacement therapy to increase your hormone levels and alleviate your symptoms.

Dr. Van Der Veer also works with you on your diet and exercise plan to improve your overall health and the function of your thyroid. He provides educational resources to better manage your condition for the long term.

If you suspect you have a thyroid condition or need help managing existing thyroid problems, schedule a consultation at Exemplar Care by phone or request an appointment online today.